Tax Regime Specific to Mutual Fund Investors in IndiaApplicable for the Financial Year 2023-24
I. Tax Rates for Mutual Fund Investors
|EQUITY ORIENTED FUNDS (Subject to STT3)|
|Tax Status of Investor||Capital Gains Tax10||Tax on Distributed Income under Dividend Option||TDS on Capital Gains6,7||TDS6,7 on Distributed Income Dividend Option|
|Short Term||Long Term|
Resident Individual /
HUF / AOP / BOI /
|15%||10%$12||At the applicable Tax slab rate||NIL||10%9|
|N R I s4||STCG - 15%
LTCG - 10%$12
|OTHER THAN EQUITY ORIENTED FUNDS|
|Tax Status of Investor||Capital Gains Tax11||Tax on Distributed Income under IDCW@ Option||TDS on Capital Gains6,7||TDS6,7 on Distributed Income under IDCW@ Option|
|Short Term||Long Term|
Resident Individual /
||At the applicable Tax slab rate||20%*||At the applicable Tax slab rate||NIL||10%9|
| HUF / AOP / BOI /
|Domestic Companies / Firms||15%13/ 22%14/ 25%15/ 30%|
|N R I s4||At the applicable Tax slab rate||
• 20*(Listed Units)
• 10%$5(Unlisted Units)
|At the applicable Tax slab rate||
STCG – 30%
• 20*(Listed Units)
• 10%$5(Unlisted Units)5
*With indexation $Without indexation@IDCW = Income Distribution cum Capital Withdrawal
Tax & TDS are subject to applicable Surcharge and Health & Education Cess at the rate of 4%. Please see the Notes below
- Provided that the mutual fund units are held as capital assets.
- Tax to be deducted at source at the rate of 20% [plus applicable surcharge, if any, and Health and Education Cess @ 4% on income-tax and surcharge] or at the rate specified under the relevant double tax avoidance agreement, whichever is lower as per section 196A of the Income tax Act, 1961 (‘the Act’).
- Securities Transaction Tax ('STT') is applicable only in respect of sale of units of Equity-oriented funds (EOFs) on a recognised stock exchange and on repurchase (redemption) of units of EOFs by the mutual fund. STT in not applicable in respect of purchase/ sale/ redemption of units of other schemes (other than EOFs).
- Non-resident individuals (NRI) shall be entitled to be governed by provisions of the applicable Tax Treaty, which India has entered with the country of residence of the NRI, if that is more beneficial than the provisions of the Act , subject to certain conditions. As per section 90(4) of the Act, a non-resident shall not be entitled to claim treaty benefits, unless the non-resident obtains a Tax Residency Certificate of being a resident of home country. Furthermore, as per section 90(5) of the Act, non-resident is also required to provide such other documents and information, as prescribed by CBDT, as applicable.
- As per section 112 of the Act, long-term capital gains in case of NRIs would be taxable @ 10% on transfer of capital assets, being unlisted securities, computed without giving effect to first and second proviso to section 48 i.e., without taking benefit of foreign currency fluctuation and indexation benefit.
- Relaxation to NRIs from deduction of tax at higher rate (except income distributed by mutual fund) in the absence of Permanent Account Number (PAN) is subject to the NRI providing specified information and documents. As per provisions of Section 206AA of the Act, if there is default on the part of a NRI (entitled to receive redemption proceeds from the Mutual Fund on which tax is deductible under Chapter XVII of the Act) to provide its PAN, the tax shall be deducted at higher of the following rates: i) rates specified in relevant provisions of the Act; or ii) rate or rates in force; or iii) rate of 20%. However, the provisions of section 206AA of the Act shall not apply, if the requirements as stated in Rule 37BC of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, are met.
- Section 206AB of the Act provides for higher rate for TDS for the non-filers of income-tax return. The TDS rate in this section is higher of the following rates: i) twice the rate specified in the relevant provision of the Act; or ii) twice the rate or rates in force; or iii) the rate of five per cent. However, the said provision does not apply to a non-resident who does not have a permanent establishment in India and a person who is not required to furnish the return of income for the assessment year relevant to the said previous year and is notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette in this behalf.
- Surcharge Rate as a percentage of Income-tax
Tax Status Income < ₹50 lakh Income > ₹50 lakh but < /= ₹1 crore Income > ₹1 crore but < /= ₹2 crore Income > ₹2 crore but < /= ₹5 crore Income > ₹5 crore Individual / HUF/ AOP (resident & foreign)* NIL 10% 15% 25% 37% Tax Status Income < /= ₹1 crore Income > ₹1 crore, but < /= ₹10 crore Income > ₹10 crore - - Partnership Firm (Domestic / foreign) NIL 12% 12% - - Domestic company NIL 7% 12% - - Domestic company (opting for new tax regime) NIL 10% 10% - - Foreign company NIL 2% 5% - -
In addition, “Health and Education Cess” @ 4% shall be applicable on aggregate of base tax and surcharge.
* The surcharge rate applicable to capital gains taxable under section 112, 112A and 111A of the Act is capped to 15%.
*In case investor is opting for ‘New Tax Regime’ under section 115BAC (1A) of the Act , the rate of surcharge is capped at 25%.
** The surcharge rates in the case of an association of persons consisting of only companies as its members as under —
Particulars Rate Income > ₹50 lakh but <= ₹1 crore 10% Income > ₹1 crore 15%
- There shall be no TDS deductible if dividend income paid / credited in respect of units of a mutual fund is below ₹ 5,000 in a financial year.
- Capital gains arising on the transfer or redemption of equity-oriented units held for a period of more than 12 months, immediately preceding the date of transfer, should be regarded as 'long-term capital gains'. Finance Act 2023 has introduced section 50AA which provides that any gains on transfer / redemption of units of specified mutual funds acquired on or after 1 April 2023 are deemed as short-term capital gains. For the purposes of section 50AA, “specified mutual fund” means a mutual fund by whatever name called, where not more than 35% of its total proceeds is invested in the equity shares of domestic companies. An “equity-oriented fund” which invests in units of another fund instead of investing directly in equity shares of domestic company may be regarded as “specified mutual fund” as per section 50AA of the Act and taxed accordingly.
- Capital gains arising on transfer or redemption of Units of schemes other than EOF and other than specified mutual fund as per section 50AA of the Act shall be regarded as long-term capital gains, if such units are held for a period of more than 36 months immediately preceding the date of such transfer.
- As per section 112A of the Act, long-term capital gains on transfer of units of EOFs exceeding ₹ 100,000 shall be taxable @10% provided transfer of such units is subject to STT, without giving effect to first and second proviso to section 48 i.e., without taking benefit of foreign currency fluctuation and indexation benefit. Further, cost of acquisition to compute long-term capital gains is to be higher of (a) Actual cost of acquisition; and (b) Lower of (i) fair market value as on 31 January 2018; and (ii) full value of consideration received upon transfer.
- If a company decides to opt for the new taxation regime as per the Taxation Law Amendment Act, 2019, then tax shall be levied at the rate of 22%. i.e., the lower rate of 22% is optional and subject to fulfilment of certain conditions as provided in section 115BAA.
- The first proviso to Section 115BAB provides that any income which is not derived from nor is incidental to manufacturing or production of an article/ thing and in respect of which no specific tax rate is specified under Chapter XII of the Act, would be taxable at 22% and no deduction would be allowed while computing such income.
- Tax shall be levied @ 25%, if the total turnover or gross receipts of the financial year 2021-22 does not exceed ₹ 400 crores. Further, the domestic companies are subject to minimum alternate tax (except for those who opt for lower rate of tax of 22%) not specified in above tax rates.
Securities Transaction Tax (STT) in respect of Units equity-oriented mutual fund Schemes
Transaction Rates Payable by Purchase of units of equity-oriented mutual fund Nil Not Appliable Sale of units of equity-oriented mutual fund (delivery based) 0.001% Seller Sale of units of equity-oriented mutual fund (non-delivery based) 0.025% Seller Sale of units of an equity-oriented fund to the Mutual Fund 0.001% Seller
Various Categories of MF Schemes which fall under "Other than Equity Oriented Funds”:
- Liquid Funds /Money Market Funds / Income Funds (Debt Funds) / Gilt Funds
- Hybrid Fund (Equity exposure < 65%)
- Gold ETFs / Bond ETF / Liquid ETF
- Fund Of Funds (Domestic) other than Fund of funds as defined under the “Equity Oriented Fund” definition under section 112A of the Act
- Fund Of Funds Investing Overseas
- Infrastructure Debt Funds
- Specified mutual funds as defined under section 50AA of the Act
II. OTHER TAX PROVISIONS
- Capital gains arising on Transfer of units upon consolidation of mutual fund schemes of two or more schemes of EOFs or two or more schemes of a Scheme other than EOF in accordance with SEBI (Mutual Funds) Regulations, 1996 is exempt from capital gains tax.
- Likewise, Capital gains arising on Transfer of units upon consolidation of Plans within a mutual fund scheme in accordance with SEBI (Mutual Funds) Regulations, 1996 is exempt from capital gains tax.
- Currently, switching units of mutual fund within the same scheme from Growth Plan to Dividend Plan and vice-versa is subject to capital gains tax.
- Creation of segregated portfolio: SEBI has permitted creation of segregated portfolio of debt and money market instruments by mutual fund schemes in certain situations. As per the said SEBI circular, all existing unit holders in the affected mutual fund scheme as on the date of the credit event shall be allotted equal number of units in the segregated portfolio as held in the main portfolio. As per sub-sections (2AG) and (2AH) to Section 49 of the Act, cost of acquisition of a unit or units in a segregated portfolio shall be the amount which bears to the cost of acquisition of a unit or units held by the assessee in the total portfolio in the same proportion as the net asset value of the asset transferred to the segregated portfolio bears to the net asset value of the total portfolio immediately before the segregation of portfolios. Further, the cost of acquisition of the original units held by the unit holder in the main portfolio shall be reduced by the amount as so arrived for the units of segregated portfolio.
- An Equity Oriented Mutual Fund has been defined in section 112A of the Act. As per the said definition, a fund of fund scheme structure shall be treated as an Equity Oriented Fund if:
- a minimum of ninety per cent of the total proceeds of such fund is invested in the units of such other fund; and
- such other fund also invests a minimum of ninety per cent of its total proceeds in the equity shares of domestic companies listed on a recognised stock exchange
- Bonus Stripping: As per Section 94(8), the loss due to sale of original units in the schemes, where bonus units are issued, will not be available for set off; if original units are: (A) bought within three months prior to the record date fixed for allotment of bonus units; and (B) sold within nine months after the record date fixed for allotment of bonus units. However, the amount of loss so ignored shall be deemed to be the cost of purchase or acquisition of such unsold bonus units held on the date of transfer of original units. The provision of this sub section are also applicable to securities. Further, the definitions of the terms “unit” and “record date” also include the units of business trusts (i.e. Real Estate Investment Trusts [REITs]/ Infrastructure Investment Trusts [InvITs]) and units of Alternate Investment Funds in the ambit of the said section.
The above information is provided for basic guidance for investments in mutual funds and is based on provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, as sought to be amended by the Finance Act, 2023. The tax implications may vary for each assessee based on the details of his income. All rates and figures appearing are for illustrative purposes only. Tax benefits are subject to change in tax laws. Contents of this note have been drawn for informative purpose only and it is neither a complete disclosure of every material fact of Income-tax Act, 1961 nor does it constitute tax or legal advice. The AMC/Trustee/ Sponsor accept no liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from any information provided in this note. Investors are advised to consult their tax advisor before taking any investment decision.